Enlisted Jobs in the Navy
Your specific job in the Navy is called your rating. Sailors were referred to by their jobs before 1797, but it wasn't until 1797 that the United States Navy officially recognized individuals as a member of a rating. Over the years, the Navy has seen ratings come and go. Major rating shake-ups, mergers and realignments have occurred a few times over the last couple of hundred years, most notably in 1835, 1864, 1942, 1948, 1973, and most recently, as part of the Navy's Human Capital Strategy, in 2006.
For all branches of the military, the initial enlistment requires an eight year service obligation. The eight years is broken into active, reserve, and/or inactive reserve service. The enlistment obligation specified on the various rating pages represents the active duty portion of that eight year obligation.
For example, Master at Arms requires a four year active obligation, the remaining four years will be spent in an Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) status. While in the IRR status, you are under no obligation to attend Reserve drills, but you could be called back to active duty if a national need arises.
You may serve your duties at sea, on board ships, or on submarines (submarine service is voluntary) or on land at the various bases, ports, or air stations. Any qualification information referred to on the individual job pages would be in addition to the basic Navy enlistment requirements.
All Navy ratings have minimum requirements (ASVAB scores, vision, citizenship, etc.) - the information contained within the various pages of this site will give you a good idea of what those minimum requirements are, along with a little history of the rating.
The Navy has a broad scope of jobs as demonstrated in the chart below. Use the links associated with the rating to see each job or program's responsibilities and qualifications.
Navy Ratings and Programs
|Enlisted Navy Jobs & Rating Insignia|
|Aviation||SeaBee/ Special Warfare||Admin Deck||Mech Eng||Tech Intel|
|Navy Occupational Programs|